International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Reinforcing Effects of Calcium Silicate-based Cement and Dual Cure Composite Resin in Simulated Immature Teeth with an Open Apex: An in vitro Study

Murtuza S Zhabuawala

Citation Information : Zhabuawala MS. Reinforcing Effects of Calcium Silicate-based Cement and Dual Cure Composite Resin in Simulated Immature Teeth with an Open Apex: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017; 10 (4):351-357.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1464

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



To evaluate the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth with an apical plug of biodentine followed by composite resin vs total obturation with biodentine tested immediately and after 3 months of aging and also to find out the chemical composition of dentin in contact with these materials.

Materials and methods

Extracted human maxillary central incisors with simulated immature apex with radicular dentin thickness (RDT) of 1 to 1.5 mm selected and divided into three groups of 20 each. Group I (control)—4 mm biodentine apically and thermoplasticized gutta-percha. Group II—4 mm biodentine apically and composite resin. Group III—complete obturation with biodentine. About 10 samples from each group were tested immediately and remaining 10 stored in phosphate buffered solution (PBS) and tested after 3 months for fracture resistance and chemical analysis of dentin.


No significant difference in fracture resistance between the groups was observed when tested immediately. After 3 months of aging, only biodentine group showed a significant reduction in fracture resistance with increased Ca/P ratio of root dentine.


Biodentine group has shown drastic reduction in fracture resistance after 3 months of aging, and hence, cannot be recommended as a reinforcement material in immature teeth with thin dentin walls.

How to cite this article

Zhabuawala MS, Nadig RR, Pai VS, Gowda Y, Aswathanarayana RM. Reinforcing Effects of Calcium Silicate-based Cement and Dual Cure Composite Resin in Simulated Immature Teeth with an Open Apex: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(4):351-357.

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