International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2017 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Comparison of Oral Health Status and Knowledge on Oral Health in Two Age Groups of Schoolchildren: A Cross-sectional Study

PR Geethapriya, D Kandaswamy

Citation Information : Geethapriya P, Kandaswamy D. Comparison of Oral Health Status and Knowledge on Oral Health in Two Age Groups of Schoolchildren: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017; 10 (4):340-345.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1462

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Oral health plays a pivotal role in the overall wellbeing of children. As children grow, there is a variation in their oral health status due to the changing trends and lifestyle.

Aim

To evaluate and compare the factors related to oral health status in two age groups of school going children.

Materials and methods

A total of 582 children aged 8 to 11 years from 3 schools were included. Based on their school grade, they were grouped as younger (third grade) and older (fifth grade) children. Their dental caries status, caries treatment needs, oral hygiene status were assessed. A questionnaire was given to them to assess their knowledge on oral health.

Results

Both third and fifth grade children had similar caries status. The caries treatment needs was significantly higher (p = 0.02) in fifth grade children of school III. The oral hygiene status was significantly better (p = 0.004) in fifth grade children of school I and third grade children (p < 0.001) of school III. Fifth grade children were found to have more knowledge on oral health and it was statistically significant in school II (p = 0.001). In school III, as caries status increased, the oral hygiene index score significantly increased (p = 0.001).

Conclusion

Age did not have any influence on the oral health status of children. The older children had better knowledge on oral health, but the oral hygiene practices were not followed effectively

How to cite this article

Geethapriya PR, Asokan S, Kandaswamy D. Comparison of Oral Health Status and Knowledge on Oral Health in Two Age Groups of Schoolchildren: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(4):340-345.


  1. Assessment of oral health related quality of life. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2003 Sep;1:40.
  2. Oral Health Promotion through Schools WHO Information Series on School Health Document 11. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003.
  3. The prevalence of dental caries in preschool children aged 1 to 4 years. Br Dent J 1971 May;130(10):271-277.
  4. The distribution of caries on different sites of the teeth in English children from age 2 to 15 years. Br Dent J 1955;99:423.
  5. Dental caries scenario among 5,12 and 15-year-old children in India—a retrospective analysis. J Clin Diagn Res 2015 Jul;9(7):ZE01-ZE05.
  6. Oral health knowledge and habits of senior elementary school students. J Public Health Dent 1991 Fall;51(4):212-218.
  7. Oral health attitudes, knowledge and behavior among school children in North Jordan. J Dent Educ 2006 Feb;70(2):179-187.
  8. The school years: cognitive development. In: Berger KS, editor. The developing person — through the life span. 6th ed. New York (NY): Worth publishers; 2005. pp. 289-290.
  9. Can type of school be used as an alternative indicator of socioeconomic status in dental caries studies? A cross sectional study. BMC Med Res Methodol 2011 Apr;11:37-42.
  10. Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health 2016;5(4):700-704.
  11. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in school going children of Vidarbha region, Central India. Univ Res J Dent 2015;5:68-72.
  12. Caries prevalence of school going boys and girls according to sweet taking frequency among different age groups in and around Guwahati city. J Paediatr Dent 2015 Sep;3(3):82-87.
  13. Dental caries and treatment needs of children (6-10 years) in rural Udaipur, Rajasthan. Indian J Dent Res 2009 Oct;20(3):256-260.
  14. Study on oral hygiene: awareness and practices among the school going children in Rajshahi division. RRJDS 2016 Jun;4(2):41-47.
  15. Cognitive development: Piaget's theory and Vygotsky's Sociocultural viewpoint. In: Developmental psychology—childhood and adolescence. 7th ed. Belmont (CA): Thomson Learning, Inc; 2007. pp. 266-268.
  16. The Predisposing factors between dental caries and deviations from normal weight. N Am J Med Sci 2015 Apr;7(4):151-159.
  17. Health camps in Schools and content analysis of the school textbooks: a cross-sectional study in Tamil Nadu. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2016 Jul-Sep;34(3):223-226.
  18. Oral health behavior of children and adults in urban and rural areas of Burkina Faso, Africa. Int Dent J 2006 Apr;56(2):61-70.
  19. A survey on knowledge, attitude and behavior of Greek elementary school students about oral health and dental care. Pediatr Dent J 2008 Oct;18(2):167-175.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.