Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of Four Different Pulpotomy Agents in Primary Molars: A Longitudinal Study
Ravigna Peddi, B Sunitha, P Tarasingh
Citation Information :
Peddi R, Sunitha B, Tarasingh P. Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of Four Different Pulpotomy Agents in Primary Molars: A Longitudinal Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017; 10 (3):240-244.
Background: The medicament formocresol (FC) used for pulpotomy in primary teeth has great concerns regarding its toxicity due to one of its constituent formaldehyde which acts by tissue fixation. Therefore, new medicaments were introduced which claimed preservation and regeneration of pulp.
Aim: The present study is aimed to compare and evaluate the clinical and radiographic success of FC, pulpotec, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and emdogain (EMD) as pulpotomy medicaments in human primary molars.
Design: A sample of 21 patients with 84 teeth were selected. All the patients have at least four teeth eligible for pulpotomy according to selection criteria. In each mouth, the teeth selected were randomly allocated into four groups with 21 each.
Results: After 24 months of follow-up, the clinical success rates were FC (94%), pulpotec (94%), MTA (100%), and EMD (83%) and radiographically FC (88%), pulpotec (83%), MTA (94%), and EMD (72%), which were statistically not significant (p ≥ 0.05).
Conclusion: The outcome of this study demonstrates MTA has a high success rate compared with FC, pulpotec, and EMD as pulpotomy agent. In addition, MTA, pulpotec, and EMD can be considered as alternatives to FC as pulpotomy agent.
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