Herbal paste, Intracanal medicament, Ion diffusion,Calcium hydroxide
Citation Information :
Dausage P, Dhirawani RB, Marya J, Dhirawani V, Kumar V. A Comparative Study of Ion Diffusion from Calcium Hydroxide with Various Herbal Pastes through Dentin. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017; 10 (1):41-44.
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diffusion ability of ions through dentinal tubules of different nonalcoholic calcium hydroxide-containing herbal pastes and compare it with the calcium hydroxide paste prepared with saline.
Materials and methods: A total of 36 single-rooted premolar teeth were used in this study. The tooth crowns were removed and the root canals were prepared. Depending on the vehicle to be used for preparing calcium hydroxide pastes, six groups were made: Group I: Ca(OH)2 saline paste (control group), group II: Ca(OH)2 papaya latex paste, group III: Ca(OH)2 coconut water paste, group IV: Ca(OH)2 Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) paste, group V: Ca(OH)2 Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) paste, and group VI: Ca(OH)2 garlic (Allium sativum) paste. After biomechanical preparation, calcium hydroxide herbal paste dressings were applied and sealed with resin-based cement. The teeth were placed in containers with deionized water, and the pH of the water was measured at regular intervals over 3, 24, 72, and 168 hours.
Results: We observed that all herbal pastes allowed the diffusion of ions, but pastes prepared with Ashwagandha and papaya latex showed more ion diffusion after 168 hours and marked increase in pH, depicting better support for calcium hydroxide action.
Conclusion: We conclude that Ashwagandha and papaya latex allow better diffusion of calcium hydroxide through dentinal tubules, thus enhancing its action, and advise its use as a vehicle for placing intracanal medicament.
Pacios MG, de la Casa ML, de Bulacio MI, López ME. Influence of different vehicles on the pH of calcium hydroxide pastes. J Oral Sci 2004 Jun;46(2):107-111.
Lage Marques JLS, Conti R, Antoniazzi JH, Guth I. Avaliação da velocidade de dissociação iônica do hidróxido de cálcio associado a diferentes veículos/In vitro assessment of the ionic dissociation velocity of calcium hydroxide associated to different vehicles. Rev odontol Univ São Paulo 1994 Apr- Jun;8(2):81-87.
Montero JC, Mori GG. Assessment of ion diffusion from a calcium hydroxide-propolis paste through dentin. Braz Oral Res (São Paulo) 2012 Jul-Aug;26(4):318-322.
Mohammadi Z, Dummer PMH. Properties and applications of calcium hydroxide inendodontics and dental traumatology. Int Endod J 2011 Aug;44(8):697-730.
Lima RK, Guerreiro-Tanomaru JM, Faria- Júnior NB, Tanomaru- Filho M. Effectiveness of calcium hydroxide-based intracanal medicaments against Enterococcus faecalis. Int Endod J 2012 Apr;45(4):311-316.
Estrela C, Holland R. Calcium hydroxide: study based on scientific evidences. J Appl Oral Sci 2003 Dec;11(4):269-282.
Gomes BPFA, Souza SFC, Ferraz CCR, Teixeira FB, Zaia AA, Valdrighi L, Souza-Filho FJ. Effectiveness of 2% chlorhexidine gel and calcium hydroxide against Enterococcus faecalis in bovine root dentine in vitro. Int Endod J 2003 Apr;36(4): 267-275.
Baldev S, Baines S, Brocklehurst K. A necessary modification to the preparation of papain from any high-quality latex of Carica papaya and evidence for the structural integrity of the enzyme produced by traditional methods. Biochem J 1979 Feb;177(2):541-548.
Azian MN, Ilia Anisa AN, Iwai Y. Mechanisms of ginger bioactive compounds extract using Soxhlet and accelerated water extraction. World Acad Sci Eng Technol 2014 Jan;8(5): 438-442.
Maniglia-Ferreira C, Gomes FDA, Guimarães NLSDL, Vitoriano MDM, Ximenes TA. In vitro analysis of the pH alteration of the dentine after using different calcium hydroxide-based pastes. RSBO (Online) 2013 Apr-Jun;10(2):122-127.
Mori GG, Ferreira FC, Batista FRDS, Godoy AMDS, Nunes DC. Evaluation of the diffusion capacity of calcium hydroxide pastes through the dentinal tubules. Braz Oral Res 2009 Apr- Jun;23(2):113-118.
Zmener O, Pameijer CH, Banegas G. An in vitro study of the pH of three calcium hydroxide dressing materials. Dent Traumatol 2007 Feb;23(1):21-25.
Vigliar R, Sdepanian VL, Fagundes-Neto U. Biochemical profile of coconut water from coconut palms planted in an inland region. J Pediatr (Rio J) 2006 Jul-Aug;82(4):308-312.
Owais M, Sharad KS, Shehbaz A, Saleemuddin M. Antibacterial efficacy of Withania somnifera (ashwagandha) an indigenous medicinal plant against experimental murine salmonellosis. Phytomedicine 2005 Mar;12(3):229-235.