International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2017 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Factors predicting Behavior Management Problems during Initial Dental Examination in Children Aged 2 to 8 Years

Arun Sharma, Vipula Mittal, Aparna Singh, Nidhi Aggarwal

Keywords : Behavior, Dental anxiety, Management problems, Prediction

Citation Information : Sharma A, Mittal V, Singh A, Aggarwal N. Factors predicting Behavior Management Problems during Initial Dental Examination in Children Aged 2 to 8 Years. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017; 10 (1):5-9.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1397

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2008

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).


Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify the various background variables and its influence on behavior management problems (BMP) in children. Materials and methods: The study included 165 children aged 2 to 8 years. During the initial dental visit, an experienced operator obtained each child's background variables from accompanying guardians using a standardized questionnaire. Children's dental behavior was rated by Frankel behavior rating scale. The behavior was then analyzed in relation to the answers of the questionnaire, and a logistic regression model was used to determine the power of the variables, separately or combined, to predict BMP. Results: The logistic regression analysis considering differences in background variables between children with negative or positive behavior. Four variables turned out to be as predictors: Age, the guardian's expectation of the child's behavior at the dental examination, the child's anxiety when meeting unfamiliar people, and the presence and absence of toothache. Conclusion: The present study concluded that by means of simple questionnaire BMP in children may be expected if one of these attributes is found. Clinical significance: Information on the origin of dental fear and uncooperative behavior in a child patient prior to treatment process may help the pediatric dentist plan appropriate behavior management and treatment strategy.

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