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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  CASE REPORT
Esthetic Rehabilitation of Primary Anterior Teeth using Temporization Material: A Novel Approach
Neeraj Gugnani, IK Pandit, Monika Gupta, Jyoti Nagpal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:111-114] [No of Hits : 762]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1418 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Pediatric dentists should always aim for esthetic and functional rehabilitation of decayed/traumatized primary teeth. The most common method for restoring such teeth involves the use of “strip crowns” with composites, while the recent trend is toward using other extracoronal restorations including preveneered stainless steel crowns and zirconia crowns. All these restorative options have shown good success rates, but also have some limitations. This case series depicts novel clinical technique of using a temporization material for full-coronal restoration(s) in primary anterior teeth. This included the chair-side custom fabrication of full-coronal restoration using temporization material, which has resulted in good immediate esthetics and might be a cost-effective alternative for restoring primary anterior teeth in future.

Keywords: Early childhood caries, Esthetic rehabilitation, Primary tooth trauma, Strip crown, Temporization material.

How to cite this article: Gugnani N, Pandit IK, Gupta M, Nagpal J. Esthetic Rehabilitation of Primary Anterior Teeth using Temporization Material: A Novel Approach. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):111-114.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Assessment of Vitamin B12 and Its Correlation with Dental Caries and Gingival Diseases in 10- to 14-year-old Children: A Cross-sectional Study
Shivayogi M Hugar, Neha S Dhariwal, Andleeb Majeed, Chandrashekhar Badakar, Niraj Gokhale, Laresh Mistry
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:10 ] [Number:2] [Pages:107] [Pages No:142-146] [No of Hits : 736]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1424 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the level of vitamin B12 and correlate it with dental caries [decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) score] and gingival diseases [plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI)].

Design: Healthy children according to the inclusion criteria were selected by the computerized randomization method from a school to assess the vitamin B12 levels using Centaur/ Versace machine.

Materials and methods: Blood samples were collected to assess vitamin B12 levels using automated analyzer. Oral examination was done by a single calibrated dentist. A thorough oral examination was carried out and the DMFT, PI, and GI scores of all the children were recorded and assessed. Data were analyzed using Karl Pearson’s correlation test.

Results: Vitamin B12 levels were deficient in 64% of the children. In boys, vitamin B12 deficiency was found in about 76.2%, whereas, in girls it was 57.1%, which was not statistically significant. The vitamin B12 deficient children showed a significantly high DMFT scores than the children with normal vitamin B12 levels. The Pearson’s correlation was -0.614 for DMFT, PI value -0.663, and GI value of -0.477. The negative correlation stated that there was a reverse relation between these indices and vitamin B12.

Conclusion: In children with systemic vitamin B12 deficiency, there is increased dental caries prevalence and associated gingival problems.

Keywords: Dental caries, Oral health, Vitamin B12.

How to cite this article: Hugar SM, Dhariwal NS, Majeed A, Badakar C, Gokhale N, Mistry L. Assessment of Vitamin B12 and Its Correlation with Dental Caries and Gingival Diseases in 10- to 14-year-old Children: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(2):142-146.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Factors predicting Behavior Management Problems during Initial Dental Examination in Children Aged 2 to 8 Years
Arun Sharma, Dipanshu Kumar, Ashish Anand, Vipula Mittal, Aparna Singh, Nidhi Aggarwal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:5-9] [No of Hits : 682]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1397 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify the various background variables and its influence on behavior management problems (BMP) in children.

Materials and methods: The study included 165 children aged 2 to 8 years. During the initial dental visit, an experienced operator obtained each child’s background variables from accompanying guardians using a standardized questionnaire. Children’s dental behavior was rated by Frankel behavior rating scale. The behavior was then analyzed in relation to the answers of the questionnaire, and a logistic regression model was used to determine the power of the variables, separately or combined, to predict BMP.

Results: The logistic regression analysis considering differences in background variables between children with negative or positive behavior. Four variables turned out to be as predictors: Age, the guardian’s expectation of the child’s behavior at the dental examination, the child’s anxiety when meeting unfamiliar people, and the presence and absence of toothache.

Conclusion: The present study concluded that by means of simple questionnaire BMP in children may be expected if one of these attributes is found.

Clinical significance: Information on the origin of dental fear and uncooperative behavior in a child patient prior to treatment process may help the pediatric dentist plan appropriate behavior management and treatment strategy.

Keywords: Behavior, Dental anxiety, Management problems, Prediction.

How to cite this article: Sharma A, Kumar D, Anand A, Mittal V, Singh A, Aggarwal N. Factors predicting Behavior Management Problems during Initial Dental Examination in Children Aged 2 to 8 Years. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):5-9.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparative Evaluation of Clinical and Radiographic Success of Formocresol, Propolis, Turmeric Gel, and Calcium Hydroxide on Pulpotomized Primary Molars: A Preliminary Study.
Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Shweta S Hugar, Niraj Gokhale, Harsha Assudani
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:18-23] [No of Hits : 598]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1400 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: Despite various advents in technology, the present era marks a shift to phytotherapeutics and alternative modalities to conventional endodontic treatments. Newer endodontic modalities have been developed inculcating the ancient system of medicine. The present study was done to compare and evaluate the clinical pulp response and radiographic signs after pulpotomy in four groups of primary molar teeth treated with formocresol (control), propolis extract, turmeric gel, and calcium hydroxide respectively.

Materials and methods: Following ethical clearance, 90 primary molar teeth in 45 pediatric patients, aged between 4 and 9 years, were selected for pulpotomy. These were then randomly divided by split-mouth technique into two groups as experimental (propolis extract/turmeric gel/calcium hydroxide) and control (formocresol) groups. The patients were followed up for 6 months for clinical and radiographic signs and symptoms to evaluate the success of treatment.

Results: A comparable clinical and radiographic success rate was seen with all experimental groups as compared to the control (formocresol) group.

Conclusion: With concerns about the safety of formocresol appearing in the dental and medical literature for more than 20 years, the materials used in this study can be considered as promising alternatives for formocresol in pediatric endodontic treatment.

Keywords: Formocresol, Propolis, Pulpotomy.

How to cite this article: Hugar SM, Kukreja P, Hugar SS, Gokhale N, Assudani H. Comparative Evaluation of Clinical and Radiographic Success of Formocresol, Propolis, Turmeric Gel, and Calcium Hydroxide on Pulpotomized Primary Molars: A Preliminary Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):18-23.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Antimicrobial Activity of Endodontic Medicaments and Vehicles using Agar Well Diffusion Method on Facultative and Obligate Anaerobes
Triveni M Nalawade, Kishore G Bhat, Suma Sogi
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:9 ] [Number:4] [Pages:102] [Pages No:335-341] [No of Hits : 3072]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1388 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the relative antimicrobial effectiveness of these endodontic medicaments and various vehicles using an agar well diffusion assay.

Materials and methods: Double Antibiotic Paste(DAP), modified DAP, 2% Chlorhexidine gluconate and their combination with four vehicles namely Polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG), Propylene glycol (PG), combinations of PG with PEG and lastly Glycerine were tested using agar well diffusion assay. The minimum bactericidal concentration was noted against four standard strains of organisms ie Streptococcus mutans ATCC( American Type Culture Collection) 25175, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12598, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 35550 and Eschericia coli ATCC 25922. Successful endodontic therapy depends upon thorough disinfection of root canals. In some refractory cases, routine endodontic therapy is not sufficient, so intracanal medicaments are used for proper disinfection of canals. Issues of resistance, limited spectrum of activity and lack of antifungal properties, the hunt for the ideal intracanal medicament continues. In this regard, the vehicles used to form the pastes play a supportive role by forming the appropriate consistency for placement and may dramatically influence their chemical characteristics like their solubility and diffusion. Thus, inorder to use safer and equally effective intracanal medicaments, Chlorhexidine gluconate is being unveiled in this study.

Results : The difference between the four vehicles when combined with the same endodontic medicament studied above is nonsignificant (NS) except against Porphyromonas gingivalis. Propylene glycol is significantly effective than Glycerine when used with DAP ie C+M medicament combination. (p = 0.029)

Conclusion: 2% chlorhexidine gluconate and modified DAP can definitely replace DAP and triple antibiotic paste as endodontic medicaments with chlorhexidine having an added advantage of bactericidal action, substantivity, biocompatibility, low toxicity, and lesser chances of developing resistance.

Keywords: Agar well diffusion, Medicaments, Minimum inhibitory concentration, Vehicles.

How to cite this article: Nalawade TM, Bhat KG, Sogi S. Antimicrobial Activity of Endodontic Medicaments and Vehicles using Agar Well Diffusion Method on Facultative and Obligate Anaerobes. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(4):335-341.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  CASE REPORT
Space Maintenance with an Innovative “Tube and Loop” Space Maintainer (Nikhil Appliance)
Nikhil Srivastava, Jyotika Grover, Prerna Panthri
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:98] [Pages No:86-89] [No of Hits : 1392]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1340 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Despite the best efforts in prevention, premature loss of primary teeth continues to be a common problem in pediatric dentistry, resulting in disruption of arch integrity and adversely affecting the proper alignment of permanent successors. Space maintainers (SMs) are special appliances used for maintaining space created due to premature loss of primary teeth. Band and loop SM is mostly indicated for the premature loss of single primary molar, but this appliance has a number of limitations both for operators and for patients. Presented in this article is an innovative “Tube and Loop” SM (Nikhil appliance) which offers several advantages over the conventional band and loop SM. It is not only easy and quick to fabricate but can also be completed in a single sitting and cumbersome steps like impression making and laboratory procedures namely soldering are eliminated.

Keywords: Band and loop, Premature loss, Tube and loop.

How to cite this article: Srivastava N, Grover J, Panthri P. Space Maintenance with an Innovative “Tube and Loop” Space Maintainer (Nikhil Appliance). Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):86-89.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Pendulum Therapy of Molar Distalization in Mixed Dentition
Raju Umaji Patil, Amit Prakash, Anshu Agarwal
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:98] [Pages No:67-73] [No of Hits : 1037]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1336 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Early and timely pedo-orthodontic treatment is aimed at eliminating the disturbances of skeletal or dentoalveolar development, to harmonize the stomatognathic system before the full eruption of all permanent teeth. The advantages of pendulum appliance are its minimal dependence on patient’s compliance (child cooperation), ease of fabrication, onetime activation and adjustment of the springs if necessary to correct minor transverse and vertical molar positions. This article reports a successful treatment method of class II malocclusion with pendulum appliance in mixed dentition phase. Distalization of maxillary molar was done, followed by guidance of canine impaction orthodontically and other dental correction using 0.022 MBT appliances. Posttreatment results were stable and remarkable.

Keywords: Class II malocclusion, Distalization, Mixed dentition, Pendulum, Space regainer.

How to cite this article: Patil RU, Prakash A, Agarwal A. Pendulum Therapy of Molar Distalization in Mixed Dentition. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):67-73.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Primary Dentition Analysis: Exploring a Hidden Approach
Sivakumar Nuvvula, Kalasandhya Vanjari, Rekhalakshmi Kamatham, Kumar Raja Gaddam
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:98] [Pages No:1-4] [No of Hits : 865]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1323 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Accurate prediction of the mesiodistal widths (MDWs) of canines and premolars in children with primary dentition facilitates interception of malocclusion at an early age. Boston University (BU) approach is one, i.e., based on primary teeth for predicting canine and premolar dimensions.

Aim: To predict the canine and premolar dimensions, in the contemporary population, using BU approach and compare with the values obtained using Tanaka-Johnston (T/J) approach.

Design: Children in the age range of 7-11 years with presence of all permanent mandibular incisors and primary maxillary and mandibular canines and first molars were included in the study. Those with interproximal caries or restorations, abnormalities in shape or size and history of orthodontic treatment were excluded. Impressions of both arches were made using irreversible hydrocolloid and poured with dental stone. The MDWs of the required teeth were measured on the models using electronic digital vernier caliper from which widths of permanent canines and premolars were predicted using both T/J and BU approaches.

Results: Statistically significant (p = 0.00) positive correlation (r = 0.52-0.55) was observed between T/J and BU approaches. A statistically significant (p = 0.00) strong positive correlation (r = 0.72-0.77) was observed among girls, whereas boys showed a statistically nonsignificant weak positive correlation (r = 0.17-0.42) based on gender.

Conclusion: Boston University approach can be further studied prospectively to make it possible as a prediction method of permanent tooth dimensions for children in primary dentition stage.

Keywords: Analysis, BU approach, Primary dentition, Tanaka- Johnston.

How to cite this article: Nuvvula S, Vanjari K, Kamatham R, Gaddam KR. Primary Dentition Analysis: Exploring a Hidden Approach. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):1-4.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Reciprocating vs Rotary Instrumentation in Pediatric Endodontics: Cone Beam Computed Tomographic Analysis of Deciduous Root Canals using Two Single-file Systems
Attiguppe R Prabhakar, Chandrashekar Yavagal, Kratika Dixit, Saraswathi V Naik
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:98] [Pages No:45-49] [No of Hits : 839]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1332 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Primary root canals are considered to be most challenging due to their complex anatomy. “Wave one” and “one shape” are single-file systems with reciprocating and rotary motion respectively. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare dentin thickness, centering ability, canal transportation, and instrumentation time of wave one and one shape files in primary root canals using a cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) analysis.

Study design: This is an experimental, in vitro study comparing the two groups.

Materials and methods: A total of 24 extracted human primary teeth with minimum 7 mm root length were included in the study. Cone beam computed tomographic images were taken before and after the instrumentation for each group. Dentin thickness, centering ability, canal transportation, and instrumentation times were evaluated for each group.

Results: A significant difference was found in instrumentation time and canal transportation measures between the two groups. Wave one showed less canal transportation as compared with one shape, and the mean instrumentation time of wave one was significantly less than one shape.

Conclusion: Reciprocating single-file systems was found to be faster with much less procedural errors and can hence be recommended for shaping the root canals of primary teeth.

Keywords: Cone beam computed tomography, One shape, Pulpectomy, Reciprocating motion, Wave one.

How to cite this article: Prabhakar AR, Yavagal C, Dixit K, Naik SV. Reciprocating vs Rotary Instrumentation in Pediatric Endodontics: Cone Beam Computed Tomographic Analysis of Deciduous Root Canals using Two Single-File Systems. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):45-49.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Cheek Plumper: An Innovative Anti-cheek Biting Appliance
Vivek Rana, Nikhil Srivastava, Noopur Kaushik, Prerna Panthri
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:9 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:146-148] [No of Hits : 800]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1352 | FREE

ABSTRACT

One of the most challenging tasks for a pediatric dentist is the management of deleterious oral habits which adversely affect the dentofacial complex. However, if these habits can be intercepted and diagnosed well in time, they can save the patient from the psychological impact of undergoing long treatment therapies. One such rare deleterious oral habit is cheek biting that affects the buccal mucosa. Presented here is a case report which describes the interception of this deleterious habit in a 15-year-old female child who was a bilateral cheek biter with the help of an innovative intraoral appliance: The cheek plumper.

Keywords: Cheek biting, Intraoral cheek biting appliance, Plumper, White flaky keratinization.

How to cite this article: Rana V, Srivastava N, Kaushik N, Panthri P. Cheek Plumper: An Innovative Anti-cheek Biting Appliance. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):146-148.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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