AUTHOR LOGIN Close
Please enter author credentials to view Author Manual
Username:
Password:  
   
for New Author Registration
JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
IndexCopernicus Value: 96.59
Home Instructions Editorial Board Current Issue Pubmed Archives Subscription Advertisement Contact Us
 
LOGIN  
Username: Password:
 
New Author Registration | Forgot Password ?
 
 
 
Most Downloaded Articles of the Journal
 
 
List of All Articles
1.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
A Comparative Study to evaluate Parent’s Ability to assess Dental Fear in their 6- to 10-year-old Children using Children's Fear Survey Schedule—Dental Subscale
Ritika Malhotra, Kapil Gandhi, Dipanshu Kumar, Shilpa Ahuja, Rishabh Kapoor, Anchal Sahni
[Year:2018] [Month:May-June] [Volume:11 ] [Number:3] [Pages:104] [Pages No:205-209] [No of Hits : 796]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1512 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: Parental presence often provides unique challenge in dental operatory and is directly related to the quality dental treatment. The present study was done to investigate parent’s ability to assess dental anxiety of their 6- to 10-year-old child and to determine how parent’s and children’s fear assessments correlate with each other.

Materials and methods: Prior to dental treatment, 94 child- parent combinations were included to complete Children’s Fear Survey Schedule—Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) questionnaire, and Frankl score was assigned to children during treatment by operator.

Results: Mean dental anxiety score reported by the children was 27.74, whereas by their parents was 39.64. There was a poor consistency of parents to predict their child dental fear (p < 0.05). Parents reported higher dental fear for their children.

Conclusion: Parents assessment of their child’s fear may vary in accordance to factors, including their own dental fear. Such input may prevent dentists from establishing an accurate association with the child’s patient.

Keywords: Anxiety, Children’s Fear Survey Schedule—Dental Subscale, Dental fear.

How to cite this article: Malhotra R, Gandhi K, Kumar D, Ahuja S, Kapoor R, Sahni A. A Comparative Study to evaluate Parent’s Ability to assess Dental Fear in their 6- to 10-year-old Children using Children’s Fear Survey Schedule—Dental Subscale. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(3):205-209.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  CASE REPORT
Eruption Cyst in the Neonate
Alline J de Oliveira, Maria LG Silveira, Danilo A Duarte, Michele B Diniz
[Year:2018] [Month:January-February] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:60] [Pages No:58-60] [No of Hits : 707]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1485 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The pediatric dental approach to the oral cavity of newborns requires special attention, as many aspects are unique and peculiar to this period of life. It is important that pediatricians and pediatric dentists be aware of the characteristics within normal newborn patterns and prepared to make a correct diagnosis of abnormalities at early stages. Congenital eruption cysts (ECs) are rarely observed in newborns, as at this stage of a child’s life, tooth eruption is unusual. This study reports a case of EC treated successfully by monitoring of the lesion, without any surgical procedure. In the 4th month, the lesion had completely regressed, and the deciduous central incisors had erupted without problems. The clinical and radiographic monitoring of ECs in newborns seems to be a satisfactory management procedure, similar to what is recommended for older children.

Keywords: Congenital, Eruption cyst, Neonate.

How to cite this article: de Oliveira AJ, Silveira MLG, Duarte DA, Diniz MB. Eruption Cyst in the Neonate. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(1):58-60.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluating the Efficacy of Xylitol Wipes on Cariogenic Bacteria in 19- to 35-month-old Children: A Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial
Gurusamy Kayalvizhi, Dhayalan Nivedha, Renganathan Sajeev, Gajula S Prathima, Mohandoss Suganya, Venkatesan Ramesh
[Year:2018] [Month:January-February] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:60] [Pages No:13-17] [No of Hits : 602]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1476 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental caries is an infectious disease with Streptococcus mutans as the main cariogenic bacteria. Children with early S. mutans colonization have a higher risk of developing dental caries than those with later colonization. Therefore, prevention or delay of S. mutans colonization may be advantageous for the prevention of early childhood caries (ECC).

Aim: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of xylitol and placebo wipes on S. mutans count in 19- to 35-monthold children.

Materials and methods: Forty-four children were randomly selected from a daycare center and divided into two groups. Allocation concealment was done and both (placebo and xylitol) wipes were distributed to their parents. Instructions were given regarding their use, to be used twice daily for 2 weeks and the S. mutans levels in the saliva were enumerated before and after wipes usage. The collected data were tabulated and statistically analyzed using paired and unpaired t-tests.

Results: A clinically significant decrease in the S. mutans count was observed in the xylitol wipes group than the placebo wipes group. Intergroup comparison results were found to be statistically insignificant.

Conclusion: Xylitol wipes usage could serve as a useful adjunct in reducing the cariogenic bacteria, especially S. mutans, and thus can be considered as an adjunct oral hygiene tool for caries prevention in young children

Keywords: Bacteria, Cariogenic, Child daycare center, Prevention, Streptococcus mutans, Xylitol.

How to cite this article: Kayalvizhi G, Nivedha D, Sajeev R, Prathima GS, Suganya M, Ramesh V. Evaluating the Efficacy of Xylitol Wipes on Cariogenic Bacteria in 19- to 35-month-old Children: A Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(1):13-17.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparison of Vitamin D Level of Children with Severe Early Childhood Caries and Children with No Caries
Anchal Chhonkar, Anil Gupta, Vishal Arya
[Year:2018] [Month:May-June] [Volume:11 ] [Number:3] [Pages:104] [Pages No:199-204] [No of Hits : 583]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1511 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the levels of vitamin D in children with severe early childhood caries (SECC) and children without caries and to determine the association of vitamin D deficiency and SECC.

Materials and methods: A total of 30 children each from case (with caries) and control group (without caries) of age between 3 and 6 years were selected from the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurugram. Caries status of the children was recorded using decayed, extracted, and filled teeth (deft) index. Blood samples for serum 25(OH) vitamin D were taken from each child. All the data collected were compiled and subjected to appropriate statistical analysis.

Results: Case group has mean serum 25(OH) vitamin D level of 12.19 ng/mL [4.37 standard deviation (SD), 95% confidence interval of 10.5-13.8] and control group has mean serum 25(OH) vitamin D level of 20.11 ng/mL (4.12 SD, 95% confidence interval of 18.56-21.65). When the mean levels of serum 25(OH) vitamin D were compared between case and control groups, there was a statistically significant difference (p-value <0.0001). Simple linear regression in case group shows statistically significant inverse correlation between vitamin D levels and SECC (p-value<0.0001).

Conclusion: Our results showed that vitamin D deficiency is risk factor both for incidence of dental caries and for its severity in children.

Clinical significance: Vitamin D deficiency is an important modifiable risk factor for dental caries in children. Hence, by supplementing vitamin D in children and preventing the deficiency of vitamin D, dental caries can be prevented.

Keywords: Case-control study, Severe early childhood caries, Vitamin D deficiency.

How to cite this article: Chhonkar A, Gupta A, Arya V. Comparison of Vitamin D Level of Children with Severe Early Childhood Caries and Children with No Caries. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(3):199-204.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation of Dentin–Pulp Complex Response after Conservative Clinical Procedures in Primary Teeth
Bianca Mello, Tassia C Stafuzza, Luciana Vitor, Daniela Rios, Thiago Silva, Maria Machado, Thais M Oliveira
[Year:2018] [Month:May-June] [Volume:11 ] [Number:3] [Pages:104] [Pages No:188-192] [No of Hits : 558]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1509 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Although selective caries tissue removal decreases the number and diversity of bacteria, stops the caries process, and reduces the risk of pulp exposure, the studies on the minimally removal of caries tissue are limited and further clinical research is necessary in this field.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate through clinical and radiographic assessments the in vivo response of the dentin-pulp complex of human deciduous teeth after either partial or total caries removal (TCR).

Materials and methods: A total of 49 deciduous molars of children aged between 5 and 9 years were carefully selected. The teeth were divided into two groups: Group I: Partial removal of caries; group II: Total removal of caries. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed during the period of 4 to 6 months after the procedure. The intraexaminer reproducibility was determined by Kappa test. Fisher’s exact test was used to determine the statistical difference between groups.

Results: All teeth showed clinical success during the 4- to 6-month evaluation period. The radiographic evaluation showed 94.2 and 89.6% of success rate in groups I and II respectively. Radiographic results did not show statistically significant differences between the studied groups (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: The partial caries removal (PCR) showed satisfactory clinical and radiographic outcomes, suggesting that this minimally invasive approach might replace the TCR when correctly indicated.

Keywords: Deciduous, Dental caries, Dental pulp capping, Tooth.

How to cite this article: Mello B, Stafuzza TC, Vitor L, Rios D, Silva T, Machado M, Oliveira TM. Evaluation of Dentin-Pulp Complex Response after Conservative Clinical Procedures in Primary Teeth. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(3):188-192.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Influence of Storage Media and Duration of Fragment in the Media on the Bond Strength of the Reattached Tooth Fragment
Prashant Jalannavar, Anand Tavargeri
[Year:2018] [Month:March-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:2] [Pages:94] [Pages No:83-88] [No of Hits : 550]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1490 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Fracture of anterior teeth is the most frequent type of injury in the permanent dentition. Composite materials have made possible the use of adhesive materials and techniques, but storage of fragment in the media can enhance the bond strength. The purpose was to evaluate the influence of storage media and duration of the fragment in the media on the bond strength of the reattached fragment of teeth.

Materials and methods: A total of 104 permanent maxillary central incisors were included. Samples were divided into four groups of 26 teeth each, further divided into eight groups of 13 teeth each and sectioned 3 mm apical to the incisal edge and stored in four storage media—tap water, artificial saliva, sodium fluoride, and Tooth Mousse at 12 and 24 hours. The bond strength was measured by universal strength testing machine.

Results: Tooth Mousse showed statistically significant difference (p-value 0.001) compared with sodium fluoride, artificial saliva, and tap water when stored in both 12 and 24 hours’ duration.

Conclusion: Tooth Mousse was a better storage media when compared with sodium fluoride, artificial saliva, and tap water.

Clinical significance: Tooth Mousse can be considered as a best storage media for fragment reattachment.

Keywords: Bond strength, Fracture, Reattachment, Storage media, Tooth Mousse.

How to cite this article: Jalannavar P, Tavargeri A. Influence of Storage Media and Duration of Fragment in the Media on the Bond Strength of the Reattached Tooth Fragment. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(2):83-88.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Measurement Reliability of the Remaining Dentin Thickness below Deep Carious Lesions in Primary Molars
Roula Berbari, Alexandre Khairallah, Hussein F Kazan, Mohamad Ezzedine, Daniel Bandon, Elia Sfeir
[Year:2018] [Month:January-February] [Volume:11 ] [Number:1] [Pages:60] [Pages No:23-28] [No of Hits : 520]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1478 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study was carried out to assess the reliability of measurements of the remaining dentin thickness under deep carious lesions as estimated from digital radiographs. The goal is to allow clinicians to correlate the radiographic measurement to the exact value of the remaining dentin thickness. The results obtained will be tested further in a study that will evaluate the histopathologic pulpal state according to the caries’ lesion depth.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Pediatric Dentistry Department at the Lebanese University, in collaboration with the research platform of the same university. Fifty deciduous molars with deep caries on proximal surfaces liable to extraction were collected. Before extraction, a digital in vivo periapical radiograph was taken, followed by manual excavation of the caries. After excavation, another radiograph was taken before the tooth was sectioned through the deepest site of the lesion. Another radiograph was then obtained for each tooth fragment. To evaluate the exact thickness of the remaining dentin, each fragment was measured on a histologic macrophotograph. The measurements were then compared statistically using a paired-samples t-test, and a correlation was sought.

Results: No significant difference was observed in the radiographs between the measurement of the remaining dentin thickness before and after the excavation of caries. In contrast, the radiographic measurements of remaining dentin thickness were underestimated by an average of 20% compared with those made with macrophotographs.

Limitations: Interpretation of radiographs varies from one practitioner to another and is a function of the operator’s visual acuity.

Conclusion: Measuring the residual dentin thickness on a radiograph underestimates the actual thickness by about 20%. Further studies are needed to confirm these results.

Clinical significance: Our results indicate that remaining dentin thickness is greater in reality than is shown on a radiograph. This information can help clinicians to refine their diagnoses and treatment plans.

Keywords: Affected dentin, Deep carious lesions, Digital radiography, Remaining dentin.

How to cite this article: Berbari R, Khairallah A, Kazan HF, Ezzedine M, Bandon D, Sfeir E. Measurement Reliability of the Remaining Dentin Thickness below Deep Carious Lesions in Primary Molars. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(1):23-28.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Determination of ABO Blood Groups and Rh Typing from Dry Salivary Samples
Priyam R Velani, Preetam Shah, Laxmi Lakade
[Year:2018] [Month:March-April] [Volume:11 ] [Number:2] [Pages:94] [Pages No:100-104] [No of Hits : 519]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1493 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: A unique blood group is a characteristic every individual possesses. Blood group antigens like A, B, D, H, etc., are found to be present on the cell surfaces of red blood cells (RBCs). Besides blood, these are also secreted in various body secretions like semen, sweat, amniotic fluid, and saliva. Blood grouping has several applications in forensic sciences and is also a major part of routine medical investigations. Presence of these antigens in saliva is dependent on the secretor status of an individual. Saliva samples at the crime scene are very crucial, as they help in deoxyribonucleic acid typing, sex determination, bite mark analysis, and blood grouping. Dried salivary samples are often obtained in more number of cases as compared with the wet form, due to the variable time lapse between the occurrence of the crime and the start of the investigation. Blood grouping from these samples proves to be very efficient. Thus, the present study aims at evaluating the accuracy of ABO blood group determination and Rh typing from dried salivary samples. Also, the study would establish the use of saliva as a noninvasive technique in routine blood examinations, especially in children who have needle phobia.

Materials and methods: Blood grouping and Rh typing were performed on the dry salivary samples obtained from the 47 subjects using the absorption-inhibition technique. This was then compared with the results obtained using extraction socket blood and evaluated.

Results: The present study showed a 100% positive correlation for ABO blood grouping, but a mere 14.81% positive correlation for Rh typing between the dried salivary samples and the extraction socket blood.

Conclusion: Dried salivary samples can thus be put to immense use in several areas of forensic investigations. It could also help in developing alternate methods for routine blood investigations in children and adults.

Keywords: ABO blood group, Absorption-inhibition method, Dried salivary samples, Rh typing.

How to cite this article: Velani PR, Shah P, Lakade L. Determination of ABO Blood Groups and Rh Typing from Dry Salivary Samples. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(2):100-104.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparative Evaluation of Mucosal Vibrator with Topical Anesthetic Gel to reduce Pain duringAdministration of Local Anesthesia in Pediatric Patients: An in vivo Study
Sandeep Tandon, Garima Kalia, Meenakshi Sharma, Rinku Mathur, Khushboo Rathore, Mahima Gandhi
[Year:2018] [Month:July-August] [Volume:11 ] [Number:4] [Pages:94] [Pages No:261-265] [No of Hits : 515]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1523 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Usually discomfort and pain are associated with dental work, especially for young patients. Pain control can be achieved by using anesthesia. Sight of injection can terrify any patient and if the patient is a child it is really difficult to convince them for injections. Alternatives to injections have been explored. Pediatric dentists are using anesthesia in the form of jelly and patch. Recently, the concept of mucosal vibration has been put forward to enhance the effectiveness of local anesthesia.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to compare and evaluate the effectiveness of lignocaine jelly and mucosal vibration in reducing pain during administration of local anesthesia in pediatric dental patients.

Materials and methods: Thirty children in the age group 6 to 11 years who required bilateral anesthesia for dental treatment in mandible were selected for this study. Pain was compared using Wilcoxon signed-rank test at the time of injection using Sound, Eye, Motor (SEM) scale as objective criteria and facial pain rating (FPR) scale as subjective criteria after administration of injection by a trained assistant who was blinded to the procedure.

Results: Local anesthetic injection along with mucosal vibration resulted in significantly less pain (p = 0.001) in comparison with the injections without the use of mucosal vibration.

Conclusion: The result shows that mucosal vibration can be used as an effective means to reduce the intensity of pain during local anesthetic injection in dentistry.

Keywords: Facial pain rating scale, Lignocaine jelly, Pain scores, Sound, eye, motor scale.

How to cite this article: Tandon S, Kalia G, Sharma M, Mathur R, Rathore K, Gandhi M. Comparative Evaluation of Mucosal Vibrator with Topical Anesthetic Gel to reduce Pain during Administration of Local Anesthesia in Pediatric Patients: An in vivo Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(4):261-265.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Esthetic Rehabilitation of Primary Anterior Teeth using Temporization Material: A Novel Approach
Neeraj Gugnani, IK Pandit, Monika Gupta, Jyoti Nagpal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:111-114] [No of Hits : 1841]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1418 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Pediatric dentists should always aim for esthetic and functional rehabilitation of decayed/traumatized primary teeth. The most common method for restoring such teeth involves the use of “strip crowns” with composites, while the recent trend is toward using other extracoronal restorations including preveneered stainless steel crowns and zirconia crowns. All these restorative options have shown good success rates, but also have some limitations. This case series depicts novel clinical technique of using a temporization material for full-coronal restoration(s) in primary anterior teeth. This included the chair-side custom fabrication of full-coronal restoration using temporization material, which has resulted in good immediate esthetics and might be a cost-effective alternative for restoring primary anterior teeth in future.

Keywords: Early childhood caries, Esthetic rehabilitation, Primary tooth trauma, Strip crown, Temporization material.

How to cite this article: Gugnani N, Pandit IK, Gupta M, Nagpal J. Esthetic Rehabilitation of Primary Anterior Teeth using Temporization Material: A Novel Approach. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):111-114.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
   Previous |  Next  
Logo
 
     
 
© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
logo