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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Assessment of Vitamin B12 and Its Correlation with Dental Caries and Gingival Diseases in 10- to 14-year-old Children: A Cross-sectional Study
Shivayogi M Hugar, Neha S Dhariwal, Andleeb Majeed, Chandrashekhar Badakar, Niraj Gokhale, Laresh Mistry
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:10 ] [Number:2] [Pages:107] [Pages No:142-146] [No of Hits : 1218]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1424 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the level of vitamin B12 and correlate it with dental caries [decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) score] and gingival diseases [plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI)].

Design: Healthy children according to the inclusion criteria were selected by the computerized randomization method from a school to assess the vitamin B12 levels using Centaur/ Versace machine.

Materials and methods: Blood samples were collected to assess vitamin B12 levels using automated analyzer. Oral examination was done by a single calibrated dentist. A thorough oral examination was carried out and the DMFT, PI, and GI scores of all the children were recorded and assessed. Data were analyzed using Karl Pearson’s correlation test.

Results: Vitamin B12 levels were deficient in 64% of the children. In boys, vitamin B12 deficiency was found in about 76.2%, whereas, in girls it was 57.1%, which was not statistically significant. The vitamin B12 deficient children showed a significantly high DMFT scores than the children with normal vitamin B12 levels. The Pearson’s correlation was -0.614 for DMFT, PI value -0.663, and GI value of -0.477. The negative correlation stated that there was a reverse relation between these indices and vitamin B12.

Conclusion: In children with systemic vitamin B12 deficiency, there is increased dental caries prevalence and associated gingival problems.

Keywords: Dental caries, Oral health, Vitamin B12.

How to cite this article: Hugar SM, Dhariwal NS, Majeed A, Badakar C, Gokhale N, Mistry L. Assessment of Vitamin B12 and Its Correlation with Dental Caries and Gingival Diseases in 10- to 14-year-old Children: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(2):142-146.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  CASE REPORT
Esthetic Rehabilitation of Primary Anterior Teeth using Temporization Material: A Novel Approach
Neeraj Gugnani, IK Pandit, Monika Gupta, Jyoti Nagpal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:111-114] [No of Hits : 1212]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1418 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Pediatric dentists should always aim for esthetic and functional rehabilitation of decayed/traumatized primary teeth. The most common method for restoring such teeth involves the use of “strip crowns” with composites, while the recent trend is toward using other extracoronal restorations including preveneered stainless steel crowns and zirconia crowns. All these restorative options have shown good success rates, but also have some limitations. This case series depicts novel clinical technique of using a temporization material for full-coronal restoration(s) in primary anterior teeth. This included the chair-side custom fabrication of full-coronal restoration using temporization material, which has resulted in good immediate esthetics and might be a cost-effective alternative for restoring primary anterior teeth in future.

Keywords: Early childhood caries, Esthetic rehabilitation, Primary tooth trauma, Strip crown, Temporization material.

How to cite this article: Gugnani N, Pandit IK, Gupta M, Nagpal J. Esthetic Rehabilitation of Primary Anterior Teeth using Temporization Material: A Novel Approach. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):111-114.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Factors predicting Behavior Management Problems during Initial Dental Examination in Children Aged 2 to 8 Years
Arun Sharma, Dipanshu Kumar, Ashish Anand, Vipula Mittal, Aparna Singh, Nidhi Aggarwal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:5-9] [No of Hits : 967]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1397 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify the various background variables and its influence on behavior management problems (BMP) in children.

Materials and methods: The study included 165 children aged 2 to 8 years. During the initial dental visit, an experienced operator obtained each child’s background variables from accompanying guardians using a standardized questionnaire. Children’s dental behavior was rated by Frankel behavior rating scale. The behavior was then analyzed in relation to the answers of the questionnaire, and a logistic regression model was used to determine the power of the variables, separately or combined, to predict BMP.

Results: The logistic regression analysis considering differences in background variables between children with negative or positive behavior. Four variables turned out to be as predictors: Age, the guardian’s expectation of the child’s behavior at the dental examination, the child’s anxiety when meeting unfamiliar people, and the presence and absence of toothache.

Conclusion: The present study concluded that by means of simple questionnaire BMP in children may be expected if one of these attributes is found.

Clinical significance: Information on the origin of dental fear and uncooperative behavior in a child patient prior to treatment process may help the pediatric dentist plan appropriate behavior management and treatment strategy.

Keywords: Behavior, Dental anxiety, Management problems, Prediction.

How to cite this article: Sharma A, Kumar D, Anand A, Mittal V, Singh A, Aggarwal N. Factors predicting Behavior Management Problems during Initial Dental Examination in Children Aged 2 to 8 Years. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):5-9.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparative Evaluation of Clinical and Radiographic Success of Formocresol, Propolis, Turmeric Gel, and Calcium Hydroxide on Pulpotomized Primary Molars: A Preliminary Study.
Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Shweta S Hugar, Niraj Gokhale, Harsha Assudani
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:18-23] [No of Hits : 948]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1400 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: Despite various advents in technology, the present era marks a shift to phytotherapeutics and alternative modalities to conventional endodontic treatments. Newer endodontic modalities have been developed inculcating the ancient system of medicine. The present study was done to compare and evaluate the clinical pulp response and radiographic signs after pulpotomy in four groups of primary molar teeth treated with formocresol (control), propolis extract, turmeric gel, and calcium hydroxide respectively.

Materials and methods: Following ethical clearance, 90 primary molar teeth in 45 pediatric patients, aged between 4 and 9 years, were selected for pulpotomy. These were then randomly divided by split-mouth technique into two groups as experimental (propolis extract/turmeric gel/calcium hydroxide) and control (formocresol) groups. The patients were followed up for 6 months for clinical and radiographic signs and symptoms to evaluate the success of treatment.

Results: A comparable clinical and radiographic success rate was seen with all experimental groups as compared to the control (formocresol) group.

Conclusion: With concerns about the safety of formocresol appearing in the dental and medical literature for more than 20 years, the materials used in this study can be considered as promising alternatives for formocresol in pediatric endodontic treatment.

Keywords: Formocresol, Propolis, Pulpotomy.

How to cite this article: Hugar SM, Kukreja P, Hugar SS, Gokhale N, Assudani H. Comparative Evaluation of Clinical and Radiographic Success of Formocresol, Propolis, Turmeric Gel, and Calcium Hydroxide on Pulpotomized Primary Molars: A Preliminary Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):18-23.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparison of Clinical and Radiographic Success Rates of Pulpotomy in Primary Molars using Ferric Sulfate and Bioactive Tricalcium Silicate Cement: An in vivo Study
Kavita Sirohi, Mohita Marwaha, Anil Gupta, Kalpana Bansal, Ankit Srivastava
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:10 ] [Number:2] [Pages:107] [Pages No:147-151] [No of Hits : 930]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1425 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Formocresol has been a popular pulpotomy medicament for many years. It is considered the “gold standard” in pediatric dentistry. However, concerns have been raised over its use in children. It has been reported that formocresol has toxic and mutagenic effects in cell culture, dental crypts, and precancerous epithelial cells. Therefore, additional biocompatible treatment alternatives are required to replace formocresol pulpotomy.

Aims: This study compared the clinical and radiographic success rates of ferric sulfate (FS) and bioactive tricalcium silicate cement (Biodentine, Septodont) as pulpotomy agents in primary molar teeth over a period of 9 months.

Materials and methods: Fifty primary molar teeth, symptom free, requiring pulpotomy in children aged 4 to 8 years were treated with conventional pulpotomy procedures. Ferric sulfate 15.5% solution (applied for 15 second for 25 teeth) and Biodentine (for 25 teeth) were used as pulpotomy agents. Permanent restorations were stainless steel crowns in most cases, in both groups. Patients were recalled for follow-up at 1, 3, 6, and 9 months intervals. The data were statistically analysed using chi-square test.

Results: At 9 months, 96% clinical success rate was observed in the FS and 100% in the Biodentine group. Radiographic success rate in the FS group was 84%, whereas 92% in the Biodentine group at 9 months. No statistically significant difference was found between the two groups.

Conclusion: Biodentine can be used as a pulpotomy agent but further long-term studies are required.

Keywords: Biodentine, Ferric sulfate, Primary molars, Pulpotomy.

How to cite this article: Sirohi K, Marwaha M, Gupta A, Bansal K, Srivastava A. Comparison of Clinical and Radiographic Success Rates of Pulpotomy in Primary Molars using Ferric Sulfate and Bioactive Tricalcium Silicate Cement: An in vivo Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(2):147-151.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Coronal Sealing Capacity of Temporary Restorative Materials in Pediatric Dentistry: A Comparative Study
Shabnam Milani, Bahman Seraj, Alireza Heidari, Atousa Mirdamadi, Mahdi Shahrabi
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:10 ] [Number:2] [Pages:107] [Pages No:115-118] [No of Hits : 909]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1419 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: The aim of this in vitro study is to compare the coronal microleakage of three common temporary restorative materials, namely Coltosol, Compoglass, and Zonalin, used in pediatric dentistry after endodontic treatment at different time intervals (1 week, 1, and 2 months) using dye penetration.

Materials and methods: Access cavities were prepared in 72 intact extracted premolar teeth. The samples were divided into three groups (n = 24) and filled with Coltosol, Compoglass, or Zonalin. After thermal cycling for 500 cycles (5-55°C), the teeth were immersed in 1% methylene blue dye at 37°C for 1 week (n = 8), 1 month (n = 8), and 2 months (n = 8). The samples were sectioned buccolingually, and the linear depth of dye penetration was measured using a stereomicroscope at 16 × magnification. The data were analyzed using Kruskal- Wallis test.

Results: There were no significant differences in the microleakage values of Coltosol and Zonalin or Zonalin and Compoglass groups at 1 week (p > 0.05) or 1 month (p > 0.05) intervals, but a significant difference was noted between Coltosol and Compoglass groups (p < 0.01); Coltosol provided a more favorable coronal seal. No significant difference was found among the experimental groups at the 2-month interval (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: At 1 week or 1 month of use, Coltosol showed better coronal seal. At 2 months, there was no significant difference apparent between the groups. A longer time lapse was associated with an increased likelihood of microleakage.

Keywords: Dye penetration method, Microleakage, Temporary restorative materials.

How to cite this article: Milani S, Seraj B, Heidari A, Mirdamadi A, Shahrabi M. Coronal Sealing Capacity of Temporary Restorative Materials in Pediatric Dentistry: A Comparative Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(2):115-118.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
A Comparative Evaluation of Sorption, Solubility, and Compressive Strength of Three Different Glass Ionomer Cements in Artificial Saliva: An in vitro Study
Hind P Bhatia, Shivani Singh, Shveta Sood, Naresh Sharma
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:49-54] [No of Hits : 857]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1407 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate and compare the sorption, solubility, and compressive strength of three different glass ionomer cements in artificial saliva – type IX glass ionomer cement, silverreinforced glass ionomer cement, and zirconia-reinforced glass ionomer cement, so as to determine the material of choice for stress-bearing areas.

Materials and methods: A total of 90 cylindrical specimens (4 mm diameter and 6 mm height) were prepared for each material following the manufacturer’s instructions. After subjecting the specimens to thermocycling, 45 specimens were immersed in artificial saliva for 24 hours for compressive strength testing under a universal testing machine, and the other 45 were evaluated for sorption and solubility, by first weighing them by a precision weighing scale (W1), then immersing them in artificial saliva for 28 days and weighing them (W2), and finally dehydrating in an oven for 24 hours and weighing them (W3).

Results: Group III (zirconomer) shows the highest compressive strength followed by group II (Miracle Mix) and least compressive strength is seen in group I (glass ionomer cement type IX-Extra) with statistically significant differences between the groups. The sorption and solubility values in artificial saliva were highest for glass ionomer cement type IX – Extra-GC (group I) followed by zirconomer-Shofu (group III), and the least value was seen for Miracle Mix-GC (group II).

Conclusion: Zirconia-reinforced glass ionomer cement is a promising dental material and can be used as a restoration in stress-bearing areas due to its high strength and low solubility and sorption rate. It may be a substitute for silver-reinforced glass ionomer cement due to the added advantage of esthetics.

Clinical significance: This study provides vital information to pediatric dental surgeons on relatively new restorative materials as physical and mechanical properties of the new material are compared with conventional materials to determine the best suited material in terms of durability, strength and dimensional stability.
This study will boost confidence among dental surgeons in terms of handling characteristics, cost effectiveness and success rate.
This study will help clinically and scientifically; pediatric dental surgeons to use this material in stress-bearing areas in pediatric patients.

Keywords: Artificial saliva, Compressive strength, Glass Ionomer cements, Miracle mix, Solubility, Water sorption, Zirconomer.

How to cite this article: Bhatia HP, Singh S, Sood S, Sharma N. A Comparative Evaluation of Sorption, Solubility, and Compressive Strength of Three Different Glass Ionomer Cements in Artificial Saliva: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):49-54.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Clinical and Practical Implications of Storage Media used for Tooth Avulsion
Vineet IS Khinda, Gurpreet Kaur, Gurlal S Brar, Shiminder Kallar, Heena Khurana
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:10 ] [Number:2] [Pages:107] [Pages No:158-165] [No of Hits : 793]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1427 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Replantation is being widely accepted as an effective treatment option for an avulsed tooth. However, the long-term fate of replanted teeth is unpredictable; it is dependent on various factors, such as the time interval between avulsion and replantation, extra-alveolar storage period (dry storage or storage media), the vitality status of pulp or periodontal tissues and the type and period of splinting. The appropriate use of storage media is an important clinical factor affecting the postoperative prognosis of avulsed teeth following replantation. Hank’s balanced salt solution and pasteurized milk are considered to be the most appropriate and clinically recommended storage media for avulsed teeth. The present review discusses the various available storage media for avulsed teeth and their potential maintenance of the vitality of periodontal ligament cells. A brief overview of the effect of clinical factors, such as the storage time, pH, and the osmolarity of storage media on their efficacy is included.

Keywords: Extra-alveolar storage period, Osmolarity, Periodontal ligament cells, pH, Storage media.

How to cite this article: Khinda VIS, Kaur G, Brar GS, Kallar S, Khurana H. Clinical and Practical Implications of Storage Media used for Tooth Avulsion. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(2):158-165.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Animal Bite Injuries in Children: Review of Literature and Case Series
Aviral Agrawal, Pradeep Kumar, Ruchi Singhal, Virendra Singh, Amrish Bhagol
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:67-72] [No of Hits : 745]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1410 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Maxillofacial region in children is particularly vulnerable to animal bite injuries. These injuries may range from insignificant scratches to life-threatening neck and facial injuries. Children are the common victims, particularly of dog bites.

Materials and methods: Three cases of animal bite injuries in children with their clinical presentation and their management are being presented along with review of literature. Surgical management included cleansing and primary closure of the wound. Rabies and tetanus prophylaxis were given.

Discussion: The most common site of injury was the face. For the facial injuries, the most frequently affected area was the middle third (55%), also called as the “central target area.” The small stature of children, the disproportionate size of the head relative to the body, their willingness to bring their faces close to the animal, and limited motor skills to provide defense are believed to account for this. The resulting soft-tissue injuries can vary in relation to their extent. Treatment involved initial surgical exploration, and secondary repair later depending on the severity of the injury.

Conclusion: Prompt assessment and treatment can prevent most bite wound complications. Early management of such injuries usually guarantees satisfactory outcome. Prevention strategies include close supervision of child–dog interactions, better reporting of bites, etc.

Keywords: Animal bite injuries, Dog bites, Facial trauma.

How to cite this article: Agrawal A, Kumar P, Singhal R, Singh V, Bhagol A. Animal Bite Injuries in Children: Review of Literature and Case Series. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):67-72.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of Turmeric Powder as a Pulpotomy Medicament in Primary Teeth: An in vivo Study.
Rajiv N Purohit, Manohar Bhatt, Kanchan Purohit, Jitendra Acharya, Rajesh Kumar, Rakesh Garg
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10 ] [Number:1] [Pages:114] [Pages No:37-40] [No of Hits : 731]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1404 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Many plants with biological and antimicrobiological properties have been studied since there has been a relevant increase in the incidence of antibiotic overuse and misuse. In dentistry, phytomedicines have been used as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, analgesic, and sedative agents. Turmeric is used extensively in foods for its flavor and color, as well as having a long tradition of use in the Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine, particularly as an anti-inflammatory and for the treatment of flatulence, jaundice, menstrual difficulties, hematuria, hemorrhage, and colic. This article studies ahead with a new idea of using powdered turmeric as a material of pulpotomy procedure in primary teeth.

Keywords: Anti-inflammatory, Herbal product, Pain, Primary tooth, Turmeric.

How to cite this article: Purohit RN, Bhatt M, Purohit K, Acharya J, Kumar R, Garg R. Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of Turmeric Powder as a Pulpotomy Medicament in Primary Teeth: An in vivo Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):37-40.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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